The 9 Step Engineering Process

The engineering process is a set of steps that engineers must follow in order to design and build products. There are a variety of models of the engineering processes, with fewer or more steps. However they all follow a common pattern. In this article, we will review a 9-step engineering design process that engineers use to tackle specific problems.

The first step in the engineering design process is the definition of the issue. This is a critical step as failing to fully and clearly define the issue can cause delays in the design cycle. The solution to a problem will naturally arise in this stage. For instance, when students were asked to design a way to hold their school lunch hooks to the bottom of their desks, they came up with a straightforward solution of attaching a hook onto the bottom of the desk.

The next step is to perform a requirements analysis in order to determine the specific requirements of customers and the resources available. This allows you to make a concrete set of project requirements and limitations. For example If a client requires their new product to hold 20 pounds, the engineer will calculate how much weight the system can hold and what the hook’s size should be to ensure that it is able to hold all of the student’s lunches.

The next step is design synthesis or design planning, and is where the particulars are set and a detailed design of the product is developed. This includes setting up the inputs, outputs and interconnections of the various modules that form the whole system. This includes Gantt and Pert chart worksheets for loading resources and sketches, drawings and proof-of-concept models.

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